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Mosquito - Malaria

Insect

(Anopheles Spp.)
Mosquito - Malaria
Appearance

Insect : Adult : 6.4-12.7mm long, brown (Anopheles Spp.) thin, long-legged winged insect; adults have three pairs of long, slender legs, with an elongate "beak" or proboscis to pierce skin.

Life Cycle

Aquatic life cycle consists of Egg, Larva Pupa and adult and takes 7-10 days. Adults emerge from pupa. Generally males live for 15 days and female lives for 30 days. While male mosquitoes feed on plant nectar, female mosquitoes require vertebrate blood for producing fertile eggs. During it’s life time, a female mosquito can lay up to 1000 eggs in 5-7 batches and 150 – 200 eggs in each batch. Eggs are laid singly. Mosquitoes mate only once in it’s lifetime

Notes

Anopheles breed in stagnant clear water accumulated in areas such as wells, fountains, curing water bodies in construction areas, overhead cemented water tanks, river bed pools, ponds, lakes etc. Adult females bite during night. These mosquitoes can transmit malaria. Anti-larval operations indoor residual sprays and regular fogging operations are to be done to control these mosquitoes.